Justin Martyr

(c. 100–c. 165)
   Saint, Martyr and Theologian.
   Justin was born into a pagan family in Nablus, Samaria, and was converted to Christianity in 132, having studied the pagan philosophies. He taught first in Ephesus and then in Rome. Finally he was denounced as a Christian and he died a martyr’s death. He is remembered for his two apologies for Christianity. In the first, he argued that Christianity, of all the philosophies, had the only rational creed. The Word of God became human in order to teach his people the truth and to save them from the power of demons. However, he insisted that all human beings share in divine reason, but it is only in Jesus Christ that the full Logos resides.
   He also described the Sacraments of Baptism and the Eucharist. The second apology, which is much shorter, rebutted particular charges against Christians and fulminated against their persecution. He was also the author of the Dialogues with Trypho in which he discussed the place of Jew and Gentile in God’s plan. Justin is generally recognised as the most outstanding of the early apologists.
   L.W. Barnard, Justin Martyr: His Life and Thought (1967);
   E. Osborn, Justin Martyr (1973).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Justin Martyr — Infobox Saint name=Saint Justin Martyr birth date=c. 100 death date=165 feast day=1 June (Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church 14 April (Roman Calendar, 1882 1969) venerated in=Roman Catholic Church Anglican Communion Eastern Orthodox… …   Wikipedia

  • Justin Martyr — (c. 100 c. 165 ce)    A Christian philosopher, theologian and the most notable of the second century apologists, Justin, a convert from paganism, came to view Christianity as a more perfect philosophy. His First and Second Apology develop the… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Justin Martyr — /ˈdʒʌstən matə/ (say justuhn mahtuh) noun Saint, c.100–c.165, Christian saint, philosopher and martyr, born in Syria …   Australian English dictionary

  • Justin Martyr — /jus tin mahr teuhr/ Saint, A.D. c100 163?, early church historian and philosopher. * * * …   Universalium

  • JUSTIN MARTYR — (100 165)    CHRISTIAN CONVERT from PAGANISM who was the first Christian thinker to attempt to reconcile FAITH and REASON. He taught that the truths of pagan PHILOSOPHY find their fullest expression in CHRISTIANITY. His Apologies and Dialogues… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Justin Martyr — /jus tin mahr teuhr/ Saint, A.D. c100 163?, early church historian and philosopher …   Useful english dictionary

  • Justin Martyr, Saint — • Lengthy article on the life and teachings of the apologist Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Justin Martyr, Saint — born с 100, Flavia Neapolis, Palestine died с 165, Rome; feast day June 1 Early Christian Apologist and theologian. A pagan born in Palestine, he studied philosophy before becoming a Christian in 132, probably at Ephesus. He then spent years as… …   Universalium

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